Defence AI

Implementing AI in defence is challenging because the consequences of failure places most defence applications within the high risk use case band. You can’t just deploy off-the-shelf AI solutions without thoroughly understanding the specific operational circumstances and adapting the AI accordingly.

Considerations before deploying AI in defence


  • Begin with a comprehensive understanding of the operational environment, including relevant procedures, human operator interactions, training requirements and performance thresholds under various conditions.
  • Assess whether AI can genuinely enhance efficacy and efficiency in the given context.

Essential requirements for defence AI:

  • Performance: AI must deliver high accuracy and reliability, appropriate transparency, and explainability.
  • Robustness: The system should perform consistently across a range of real-world factors and be resilient to adversarial activity.
  • Manageability: AI solutions must support edge-capable updates and upgrades, often essential in defence scenarios.
  • Learning Capabilities: Given the limited data for rare and novel events, the AI must be capable of one-shot or low-shot learning.
  • Human-Centric Design: Ensure AI systems are designed with human operators in mind, facilitating ease of use and integration.
  • Context Specific: AI should be tailored and tested for the specific operational context in which it will be deployed.
  • System Integration: The AI must be designed with broader system integration in mind, ensuring compatibility and coherence with existing systems.
  • Thorough Testing: AI solutions need to be rigorously tested throughout the development lifecycle and continuously monitored in the operational environment.
  • Auditable: Ensure AI systems are auditable and comply with ethical and legal standards.
  • Engineering Principles: Design AI architectures in accordance with good systems engineering, safety, and human factors principles from the outset.

For further discussion on implementing AI in defence and how to navigate these challenges, please get in touch.

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